The numerous shootings around the world are constantly fuelling the debate on stricter controls on the possession and carrying of firearms. However, gun control is not for the immediate future. In countries such as the United States, owning a firearm is part of the entrenched culture. It is even a constitutionally guaranteed right.
Regulation is necessary, but difficult to put in placeIn the United States, there are no official statistics on firearm sales. However, estimates dating back to 2021 put the number of firearms sales at 357 million, which is more than the total population.
The number of firearms in circulation in the United States is growing three times faster than the population growth. The only country that comes close is Yemen, which is facing a civil war, with almost 55 firearms per 100 inhabitants.In 2018, gun violence is responsible for 36,000 deaths in the United States, of which more than 4,250 are between the ages of 15 and 24For Canada's neighbour, the figures are much less frightening. In 2017, there will be 660 victims of police-reported homicide. However, the increase in violent crimes involving firearms has rekindled the debate on the need for gun control.
Slow and flawed development of firearms legislationAttempts to tighten gun control in the United States began long before the killings in schools in recent years. As early as the late 1920s, the federal government began regulating gun sales, but the stock market crash of 1929 undermined these efforts.
President Roosevelt took over in 1933 with the imposition of a $200 resale tax.Control was further tightened after the assassinations of John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Martin Luther King. In 1968, President Lyndon Johnson passed the Gun Control Act, which prohibited mail order sales to minors, drug addicts, mentally ill persons, fugitives, and other fugitives from justice. In 1986, the GCA was amended by the Firearm Owners' Protection Act. In the meantime, the Brady Bill was passed. It requires a background check and a waiting period for every purchase.
State-of-the-art technologies for firearms detection and controlIn parallel with the strengthening of existing regulations, it is essential to develop technologies to detect the presence of firearms.
The main objective is to protect people by preventing the entry of these weapons into buildings open to the public. Thanks to these technologies, it is possible to detect knives and pistols as well as rifles and grenades.In addition to conventional firearms detectors (security gantry and X-ray scanne
r), there are nowadays also tiny radars. More discreet and more powerful, they are not visible to people entering a building. These devices recognise the electromagnetic footprint of various weapons (even hidden under clothing) such as machine guns, explosive belts, etc.