What are corticosteroids and what are they for?

Steroids are naturally present in the body as they are a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. The function of the corticoids is the regulation of metabolic, immunological, cardiovascular and homeostatic functions.

What are corticosteroids and what are they for?

Steroids are naturally present in the body as they are a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. The function of the corticoids is the regulation of metabolic, immunological, cardiovascular and homeostatic functions. On the other hand, they are substances with strong immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties, for this reason they are used with medical intentions for the treatment of diverse ailments among which those that affect the skin stand out. The use of the corticoids can be made so much of systemic form through injections and tablets, like by via topic by means of the application of ointments and creams on the skin. In one way or another, this is a very effective and widely used treatment that, contrary to what is thought, does not have great adverse effects as long as it is applied correctly and following the indications of a specialist.

What is the problem with steroids? A negative reputation accompanies this substance, making users fear its use and worry about the treatments that include it. The truth is that, like any medicine, steroids have a series of side effects, among which we can highlight the inhibition of the production of cortisol by the organism that already receives it artificially through the medicine applied, and the risk of suffering from osteoporosis, obesity, infection, diabetes, cataracts, reduced growth and wound healing. It is fair to say, however, that these problems stem from the continued use of intensive systemic steroid treatments. It is very rare to suffer any of these side effects as a result of topical application of steroids. When to use steroids? Not all steroid medications are the same.

Each of them has a different type of steroid with a very different potency. In addition, each drug is prepared according to a dosage form with a functionality designed for a specific process. Thus, it is very important to know what type of medicine is best for each particular situation and, therefore, it is essential to have a doctor's opinion. In some particular cases, such as eye treatments, it is especially important to see a doctor every time the problem arises and not to decide to use a steroid even if it has been recommended by a professional before. This is because this is a particularly sensitive area that can suffer particularly badly from the abuse of medicines, whether or not they are steroids.in the case of application to children, it is advisable to bear in mind that their skin is much thinner and, therefore, absorption is much greater.

Although these medicines are very safe, the specific recommendations of the paediatrician for each particular case should never be ignored. To ensure the safety of the little ones, you should never apply steroids by choice.